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Political dialogue between Ukraine and Syria
26 August 2012 15:40

Syria recognized the state independence of Ukraine on December 28, 1991.

On March 31, 1992 Ukraine and Syria signed a Protocol on establishment of diplomatic relations and Agreement on cooperation and coordination between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Syria.

Embassy of Ukraine opened in Damascus in February 2000. In February 2002 Honorary Consulate of Ukraine opened in Aleppo. Embassy of the Syrian Arab Republic opened in Ukraine in August 2004.

On April 20-22, 2002 the President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma paid an official visit to Syria. During the visit, a number of base agreements in economic sphere and on establishment of the Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Syrian Commission on Trade, Economic and Technical Cooperation were signed. First meeting of the Commission was held on 3-5 June, 2003 in Kyiv. During 2000-2011 the following Ukrainian officials paid visits to Syria: First Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine (June 2000, October 2000), the delegation of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (June 2004), First Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine (October 2008), First Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine (February 2011), Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine (December 1996, July 2004, July 2007).

On December 2-3, 2010 the President of Syria paid a visit in Ukraine. During the visit, the Syrian leader held talks with the President, Prime Minister and Chairman of the Parliament of Ukraine. The parties determined perspectives to cooperation and laid the basis for further political contacts at the highest level, deepening the whole range of bilateral cooperation in economic, scientific-technical and humanitarian spheres, as well as signed a number of bilateral agreements in the consular and economic sectors. Ukrainian leaders were invited to pay official visits the Syrian Arab Republic. Other Syrian delegations also visited Ukraine, namely: Parliament delegation (May 2004), Chairman of the Parliament (January 2007) and Minister for Foreign Affairs (November 2010).

Prior to the Syrian conflict in 2011 Ukrainian-Syrian contacts were maintained in the form of political consultations at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers, as well as during the annual sessions of the Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Syrian Commission on Trade, Economic and Technical Cooperation. There were seven meetings of the Commission. Interaction within international organizations was carried out through supporting Ukrainian and Syrian candidates during the elections to various international bodies.

Currently, Ukrainian-Syrian relations are characterized by pause in political dialogue, caused by the Syrian political support of the Russian course concerning Ukraine, expressed in a telegram by the Syrian President to the Russian President of March 6, 2014, as well as through the Syrian voting against the UN General Assembly resolution "The territorial integrity of Ukraine" on March 27, 2014.

Proceeding from the priority of the European integration course, in June 2014 Ukraine joined the EU Council Decision 2014/309/CFSP of May 28, 2014 concerning restrictive measures against individuals and entities Syria for the period up to June 1, 2015. However, we do not exclude the possibility of cooperation with Syria in those economic, commercial and humanitarian spheres, which are not subject to international sanctions and restrictions on Syria.

Ukraine's position on the Syrian conflict is that the crisis should be resolved exclusively by political and diplomatic means. The UN, its Security Council, as well as influential regional organizations, including the Arab League, should play the key role in the peaceful settlement.

 

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